Mathuri(Koppu), Andhra Pradesh
- Performed by inhabitants of Umji & Indravelli forest areas of Utnoor Tehsil in Adilabad district of Andhra Pradesh.
- Performed usually during Janmasthami (Themes taken from Mahabharata).
- Nagara is main instrument used.
- Celebrated to mark advent of spring and Assamese New Year.
- Display of Assamese handlooms and handicrafts in their glory and beauty by dancers.
- Performed by group of young women dancers.
- Offering to Lord Indra for a good harvest and monsoon.
- Called Gaur after Bison.
- May appear as hunt- dance or movement of animals.
- Abhujmar plateau of Bastar
- Performed by Abhuj Maria tribes of Bastar
- Village deity- Kaksar. (dance to seek his blessings)
- Performed by group of young boys+girls.
- Prevalent in Kumaon region of Uttarakhand.
- Elements of martial craft; associated with Kijri Kumbh celebrations.
- Kijri Kumbh is a poisonous flower blossoming every 12 yrs.
- Villagers march in a procession to destroy the flower.
- Metal lamps- traditional handicrafts of Goa.
- Samai dance is performed with these metal lamps or deepaks.
- ‘Garbo’ word originated from Sanskrit “Garbhdeep” (earthen pot with circular holes which is known as “Garbo”)
- Pot signifies- body; lighted lamp- divine soul.
- Performed during Navratri; worship of Shakti.
- Circular movements; clapping their hands to beats of Dhol.
- One of ancient dance form of Gujarat.
- Origin traced to Lord Krishna.
- Unique synthesis of folk dance, folk art, colour and folk music.
- Roar of Dhol, gorgeous costumes, speed with vigour and gusto.
- Hails from South Gujarat, border of Maharastra.
- Usually performed during Holi & other festivals.
- Interesting circular movement, formation of a human pyramid.
- Vigorous & highly rhythmic.
- Siddhis migrated to India from Africa (750 yrs ago) & settled in coastal parts of Gujarat like Bhavnagar, Junagarh, Bharuch and Surat.
- Follow Muslim religion and dance to beat of drum on eve of Urs of their Prophet Baba Gaur.
- Performed by girls on border of Rajasthan & Haryana during various festivals like Holi, Gangaur Puja & Teej.
- Formation of circles & start singing and clapping.
- Songs full of satire & contemporary events with humour.
Kinnauri Natti,Himachal Pradesh
- Is in veins of Kinnauris.
- Important among the dances is Losar Shona Chuksam; Losai means New Year.
- Dancers recreate movements of agricultural operations of sowing & reaping ogla(barley) and phaphar (local grain).
- Typical dance of Munda community.
- Represents rituals connected with preparations of war.
- Dancers enact battle scenes; symbolizing great war of Mundas against British.
- Musical instruments- dhol, madal, nagara, shehnai, ranbheri.
- Performed in months of Ramzan in every street.
- Performed by girls; girls wear colourful Phirans- Kashmir cloaks & Kasaba-head gear.
- Noot, tumbaknari, rahab- folk instruments used.
Jabro,J & K
- Community dance of nomadic people of Tibetan origin living in Ladakh.
- Performed by both men+women during Losar-Tibetan new year & also on festive occassions.
- Slow, gentle movements; heavy gowns made of sheep’s skin are worn because of extreme cold.
- Damien- a stringed instrument & flute are used.
- Bought by South Indian Rulers.
- Performed on Chaitra purnima & the Dhalo festival.
- Person wears warrior costumes.
- According to legend, Veerbhadra is supposed to get possessed by Divine Spirit.
Dholu Kunitha, Karnataka
- Drum dance performed by men of Kuruba tribe.
- Dance is noted for its powerful drumming & vigorous dancing.
- Popular in some parts of north & south Karnataka.
- High pitch of Tala, tappadi, Trumpets, Gong & flute reinforce rich vibrations.
- Bridal dance performed by Muslim girls of Kerala(North) & Lakshwadeep
- Separate dance for the bride & bridegroom.
Purulia Chaau, West Bengal
- Emanating from martial practice; theme from Mahabharata+ Ramayana.
- Commences with invocation of Lord Ganesha.
- Highlights fight between Good & Evil in which good wins.
- Popular in Jharkhand also; powerful movements+ drum beating+ dazzling costumes+ shehnai.
Badhai, Madhya Pradesh
- Performed to thank Goddess Sheetala for safeguarding people from natural calamities & ailments to seek her blessings.
Baredi, Madhya Pradesh
- Closely related to cattle from culture of Bundelkhand region.
- Presented from Karthik Amawasya(Deepawali) to Kartik Poornima.
- One person sings 2 lines from poem called Baredi.
- Presented with worship of Govardhan Parvat.
- Lord Krishna himself participated; it is believed.
Raee, Madhya Pradesh
- Popular in the Bundelkhand region of MP & UP.
- Originated in ancient times; denoted war celebration.
- Conveys spirit of people of Bundelkhand.
- Dancers dance with veils in their faces.
- Integral part of Tamasha folk theatre of Maharastra.
- No restriction on themes(can be from devotion, war, music, poetry, drama etc)
- Most popular +best known folk dance of state of Maharastra.
Dhol Cholom, Manipuri
- Traditional folk dance of the state.
- Dhol-large drum. Usually performed during Yaoshand festival(festival of colours).
- Dance expresses love+ creativity (interplay of dhols+ fireplay).
- Manipuri sankirtan traditions.
- Performed in every corner of Maharastra+ religious and social events+ akhada tradition of Maharastra.
- Includes Ghuti Leizim, Ghoongroo Leizim, Dakhani Leizim+ Pahita Leizim.
- Ocassionally performed in Gujarat & MP.
- Musical instruments used- Dhol+Tasha+Jhanj.
- Hajong tribe of Meghalaya.
- During Diwali.
- Young men & women participate; comparison of Man with Nature.
- Hajongs observe various festivities of Hindus.
- Also known as Bamboo Dance.
- Male dancers clap the bamboo staves, resulting a sharp sound setting the rhythms of dance.
- Two bamboos are kept. Female dancers wear puanchei, kawrei, vakira & thinna.
- Female dancers step in & cut with precise timing & maintaining elegant poise.
- Drum+gongs used.
- Gotipuras are young boys dressed a s girls singing devotional love songs in praise of Radha Krishna.
- Repertoire includes: a) Vandana- prayer to God or Guru. b) Sarigrama- pure dance number.
- c) Abhinaya- enactment of the song.
- d) Bandhya Nritya- rhythms of acrobatic postures, creating images of Radha Krishna.
- Musical accompaniment of Mardala- a pakhawaj ; gini- small cymbals, harmonium & flute.
- Energetic, most popular folk dance of the State, performed by men on festivals (Baisakhi mostly).
- Bright coloured turbans, traditional instruments, dhol, Kurtas+ tehmats worn.
- Rustic Punjabi folk songs
Ranappa Chaddhaiya, Odisha
- Ganjam district of Odisha.
- Dancers walk and dance on Ranappa(sticks) with gestures to rhythms of drums.
- Chaddhaiya is part of famous “Danda Nata” of Odisha.
- Performed in Chaitra Month; akin to Mayurbhanj Chaau; worship of Shiva.
- Worshippers hold a “danda”(Pole) & Pasa(Knot) symbolic of devout Shaivite.
- Accompaniment of Drums+ Mahuri(wind instrument)+ martial art display.
- Performed by women.
- Happy occassions like birth of a child, Teej, weddings.
- Boli enacting, clapping, dancing, singing.
- Dancers form a circle. Take turns to come centre stage. End: dance in sheer abandon.
- Sing 3-4 times and then replaced by a new Boli.
- Subject Matter: day to day life situations of rural folk.
- Musical accompaniments- dholak(drum)+ gharah(earthen pot).
- Women of nomadic Kalbelia community dance.
- Primary occupation of this community is rearing snakes/ trading in snake venom.
- “Been”+ “Daf” used; dances of “Nath” sect dressed in traditional black skirts perform this dance.
- Dance highlights the virtuosity of dances reminiscient of the supple movements of snakes.
- Women of Kanjar Community of Rajasthan.
- Whirl around in colourful skirts like Chakri( moving in circles like spinning tops)
- Weddings+ festive occasions.
- Dalph, Manjira & Nagara.
- Famous dancers come from Baran Kola District in Hadanti area of Rajasthan but its popular in Kota+ Bundi also.
Tamang Selo, Sikkim
- Tamang community; also known as Damphu( musical instrument is Damphu which is used)
- During Dasain/Dussehra; both young men+women; depicts colourful lifestyle of hill people.
Kavadi, Tamil Nadu
- Supposed to be performed by giant named Idumban with pole across his shoulders.
- At both ends he was supposed to carry Muruga(popular deity) of T.N.
- Kavadi carrying symbolic of Idumban for pilgrims.
- Kavadi never touched by dancers.
- Several kinds of Kavadis.
- Hypnostic music, drums, nadaswaram+ thavil.
- Devotees sing the song “Kavadi chindu” with quick & vigorous movements.
Kadagam, Tamil Nadu
- Worship of Mariamaman, Goddess of rain and wealth.
- Performed during August when idol is carried in procession.
- Ritual pot filled with water, beautiful decorations, several feet high, carried by the priest.
- Colourful performers carry decorated vessels on their head & dance to the tune of Nagaswaram, Thavil, Muni, uddukai+ pambai. Perform acrobatic feats.
- Very popular in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh & Kerala+ Puducherry.
- Spectacular dance of Reang community.
- Reang women performing Hozagiri are known as Mailuma & Maiktah, signifying festival of harvest+ worship of Lakshmi.
- Belief: Goddess is pleased by dance+ song. They are blessed by bumper crops.
- Theme is mostly cultivation.
- Stand on pitcher, move their head with bottle on top which is an oil lamp/pick flower bowing their body.
All along they twist their back with finesse.
- Ocassion: birth, marriages, Dussehra, Holi.
- Popular among dhobi community of Eastern U.P. only males participate.
- Dance & drama.
- Begins with recital of couplet in Almighty’s praise.
- One dancer enters wearing royal costumes with dummy horse followed by others.
- Drums, cymbals, ghoongroos(tied on ankles+ waist).[Ransingha used which is a wind instrument+ centre of attraction]
- Hori, Kajri, Chaiti, Kaharwa, Lachavi, Dadra+ Nirgun songs adopted.
- Also Bhojpuri+ Awadhi folk songs.
- Originated in Karnataka.
- Performed by male troupes maintained by temples.
- Theatre form.
- Dances are of nritta variety.
- Enacted in open spaces.
- Elaborate make up, head dresses.
- Colourful clothes.
- Focused on celebrating victory of good over evil.
Famous Exponent : Dr Kota Shivaram Karanth.
- Ancient but obscure origin.
- Derived from “Chaaya” or shadow.
- Term according to Odissi indicates war dance.
- 3 streams of Chchau dance- Seraikela, Purulia and Mayurbhanj[These are the 3 places where its 3 streams are widely seen]
- Performed during Sun or Spring festival.
- Shiva & Parvati are presiding deities.
- Stance resembles combat.
- Male preserve though women have started learning.
- Usage of masks.
- Very rigorous, martial style, requires lot of stamina.
- Musical accompaniment- flutes, drums.
Exponent Raja Bijay Pratap.Buy Test Series @